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How to trek Everest base camp safely?

Nepal Travel advice & Safety
Mountain Sherpa Admin
Apr 06, 2023

The Comprehensive Safety Guide for Everest Base camp trek in 2023 & 2024

Every year thousands of explorers come to Nepal to hike Everest Base Camp. Being home to the highest peak in the world, Nepal is no less than a paradise for trekkers and adventure lovers.

The Everest Base Camp trek provides the trekkers with a mystic experience to reward for a lifetime. The magnificence and experiences of the EBC hiking trail are fascinating. The trail offers you views of high mountains, incredible Valleys, beautiful Sherpa Villages, delightful lush green vegetation, and an experience of up and downhill hikes.

Along with the stunning scenery, the trek also gives you an insight into the lifestyle and culture of the local Sherpa people. The remarkable mixture of beautiful nature, wonderful culture, and warm hospitality of the people of the Khumbu region will make your Everest Base Camp trek one of the most unforgettable journeys of your life.


Normally speaking, it is very safe to trek to Everest Base Camp. That said, there are some precautions you can take to confirm the safest doable trip (which, in fact, is true of wherever you go in the world). If you’re worried about altitude sickness, hiking injuries, or conditions on the trail, read on for some of the answers to your questions…

Since the Everest base camp trek without a guide is not safe, we highly suggest you book your trek through a government-authorized Sherpa trekking operator (like Mountain Sherpa Trekking & Expeditions). Let’s make your Everest base Camp trek hassle-freesafeand joyful.

Make Safety Your Priority

When should I go for Everest Base Camp Trek?

The best time to go for the EBC trek is in spring i.e from March to May and in the autumn season i.e. September to November. The weather gets pleasant and also the days are pretty warm in these seasons. The other two seasons are not advised as the rainy season makes the trail muddy and various routes get closed in the winter season due to heavy snowfall. Spring and autumn are the peak season, and even the numbers of visitors are also high in these seasons.

Do I need a Guide to trek to Everest Base Camp?

As of now, the Nepal government has made it compulsory to hire a guide for trekking to Everest Base Camp because of the disappearance of trekkers in the mountains. You can still go for solo trekking but hiring a guide and porter has a lot of advantages in the unknown remote mountains. Along with guiding you with the best route, they will also help you learn about the local culture and traditions.

Booking your trek with a trekking company is the best way to trek on unknown mountain routes. They arrange everything for you from airport transfers and accommodations management on the trek to managing guides and porters. You can drop off all your worries just by simply booking your trek with them. We Mountain Sherpa Trekking and Expedition offer trekking and travel services for more than 25 years. We employ certified Sherpa guides and porters to assist you on your trek and guarantee 100 percent success of the trek.

Prepare yourself mentally for the trek

You need to build strong mental endurance for trekking to EBC. You will be walking through remote mountains of the Khumbu region where you won’t have comfortable paths and stay like your home. You won’t be able to enjoy the lavishness and luxuries of the world on the trail. Hence, you need to be prepared for the environment of the mountains and living in the mountains.

With strong mental endurance, you will be able to enjoy the incredible views of stunning Himalayan vistas and exotic landscapes of the Khumbu region.

Train yourself physically for the trek

Everest Base Camp is a moderate trek in the high altitudes. You can successfully complete the trek with proper physical fitness. You will be walking for long hours for 14 days in the mountains. Most of the walks will be uphill climbs with some downhill hikes. Hence, it is advised to walk for at least 1 hour for a month before going for the actual trek.

Also, you should do regular exercise to increase your muscle strength for walking in the difficult passes of the mountains. It is recommended to go for a small hike before going for the trek to prepare yourself. If there is no hill nearby to the place you stay, you can practice by speed walking on the stairs of your house carrying a backpack on your back.

You can perform the following exercises to train yourself for the EBC trek:

  • Start to train yourself about 4-5 weeks before the actual trek.
  • Perform Cardio exercises like walking, running, cycling, or swimming.
  • Carry a backpack with moderate weight inside the backpack while doing cardio exercise
  • Do squats, push-ups, pull-ups, and deadlifts to strengthen your muscles.
  • Do not over-exercise. The aim of the training is to increase your lung capacity and stamina.  

Pack the right Trekking Gear

You will have a comfortable trek with the right trekking gear. The trekking gears are very essential to trek for 14 days in the remote mountains. You need to pack several gears for the trek. Some of the trekking gears you must have for the EBC trek are listed below:

  • A spacious and good-quality backpack
  • Sturdy and durable hiking boots
  • Waterproof jacket
  • Down jacket
  • Woolen socks
  • Thick trousers
  • Thermal wears
  • Hat
  • Gloves
  • A good quality sleeping bag
  • Water bottle and purifier
  • Trekking pole
  • Gaiters
  • Map
  • Basic medical kit

Take Slow and Steady Steps

Everest Base Camp Trek is an enjoyable and wonderful walk among the beautiful nature. You should not hurry by speed walking to complete the trek sooner. You should take slow and steady steps to enjoy every aspect of this trek.

Also, the slow and steady steps will help you reduce the risk of Acute Mountain Sickness. You must not hurry to complete the trek and enjoy stunning mountains and landscape views. Hence, it is very important to rest for a while and walk slowly enjoying the amazing scenery of the Everest region.

Keep yourself Hydrated

One of the most important tips for the entire trek is to keep yourself hydrated. It is very essential to drink enough water on the trekking trail, and it also helps to reduce the chances of getting altitude sickness.

Carry a water bottle and take a sip of water from the bottle time and again even if you do not feel thirsty. Your body gets dehydrated faster at a higher elevation than at sea level. Hence, drinking water should hydrate you, and it should be a top priority. Acute Mountain Sickness is quite common at higher altitudes and keeping yourself hydrated is one of the best ways to keep you safe from it.

Keep an eye on symptoms of Acute Mountain Sickness

It is very important to keep yourself safe from Acute Mountain Sickness at heights. You must be careful about the symptoms of acute mountain sickness and the changes your body shows. If your body starts showing the symptoms of AMS, you need to get remedies for it.

You need to take small and bit-by-bit steps once you observe AMS symptoms in your body. Also, you need to take proper and adequate acclimatization. You must also give your body enough time to adjust to the increased elevation and mountain environment. You can take up the prescribed medicines to prevent AMS in severe conditions.  

Protect yourself from UV rays

The sun rays at higher elevations are more harmful because of UV exposure. In order to keep you safe from harmful UV rays, it is advised to cover yourself. You can use good sunscreen and wear a sun hat to safeguard yourself from sunburn. They help reduce the risk of sunburn and pesky wrinkles.

Final Words

The important thing to remember while trekking to Everest Base Camp is that you are here to enjoy and you will be able to witness numerous wonderful and amazing things on the trail. Hence, you need to keep yourself relaxed and calm to enjoy every aspect of nature.

Trekking Everest Base Camp is a lifetime experience but make sure you stay healthy and fit on the trail. Hope this small guide helps you complete the EBC trek successfully.

If you have any further questions about Everest Base Camp Trek or any other trekking in Nepal, please feel free to Contact us.

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