For centuries, Nepal remained a closed book. He was nicknamed "the Kingdom Hermitage", "the Abode of the Gods", or even "the Marches that give access to Paradise."
Nepal is a small country legend, wedged between two giants (China and India), mythical crossroads on the road salt and silk where haggle in peace and tolerance a multitude of ethnic groups. This is where Buddha was born and resides the only living goddess in the world.
Nepal was a kingdom until recently, when the newspaper is done stories of kings, queens and princesses, divinities that turn into animals, snakes turn into gods, giants, demons and other witches. The charm continues into the first name of its inhabitants; one is called Vishnu, Lakshmi, Krishna or simply Raj Kumar ("king's son").
And do not forget, it comes mainly in Nepal for fantastic trekking opportunities in the mythical Himalayan range, which rises to 8850 m, with Mount Everest.
Nepal is a blessed place, and little is known travelers who have returned disappointed.
Small countries along 800 kilometers to 200 kilometers wide, Nepal, trapezoidal, is landlocked between India and China, with which it shares 2,810 kilometers of border. Nepal can be divided into three zones oriented roughly east to west: the mountainous area, the area of ??the hills and plains of the Terai. The altitude ranges from 60 meters in the Terai to 8850 meters (Everest).
Nepal is subject to monsoon which determines the choice of trekking areas depending on the season:
- Spring, from March to May is ideal to watch the explosion of vegetation, including rhododendrons, and from around the Annapurna base camp of Everest. The generally clear skies in the morning, marked cloudiness in the afternoon. The more we advance towards the month of May (monsoon), the more clouds rise early;
- Summer, from June to September, reveals regions of Dolpo and Mustang, only parts of Nepal safe from the monsoon;
- The fall from mid-October to mid-December, offers optimal conditions for treks and expeditions in all ranges. Rain generally colder in altitude at the approach of winter (in snow). For several years, we see a clear shift of the monsoon, with even heavy rainfall in October. The ideal period is from November to mid-December, the chances of good weather are larger, and prices more attractive;
- Winter, from mid-December to late February, the cold is dry, the clear sky, the sunshine ... Many benefits without the tourist season. For example, temperatures measured at the Thorong La mountain pass on the tour Annapurna Christmas 2008: - 15 ° C at daybreak and - 12 ° C to the actual collar. No snow on the trail.
Nepal, with 30.9% of the population below the poverty line is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world, up, however, since in 1996 the figure was 41.8. According to the World Bank, Nepal's GDP ranks among the 10 poorest countries in the world, but, thanks to international aid and global organizations, the life expectancy of a Nepali is now 67 years on average .
The Nepalese economy is divided between agriculture, providing employment to more than 80% of the population to 33.7% of GDP, industry 16.7% of GDP, which consists primarily in the treatment of products farm such as jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and cereals, and services, which represent 49.6% of GDP, tourism being the primary source of foreign exchange and an important factor for growth.
Since the abolition of the monarchy 28 May 2008, Nepal is a parliamentary republic federal type. The Interim Constitution, adopted in 2007, should be replaced by a final constitution. According to the text voted by 560 members of the Constituent Assembly (only four votes against), Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, democratic republic.
Population density, predominantly rural (87%), is about 198 inhabitants per square kilometer, but most of Nepalese living in the Terai and the Kathmandu valley, the population density is higher in these areas.
Nepal, diverse country in his landscapes as in its population, has suffered over the centuries the influence of its neighbors. The population is made up of many different ethnic groups. A first distinction is between Indo-Nepalese, Indian origin and Hindu religion and Tibeto-Nepalese, Sino-Tibetan and Buddhist origin. These two main populations are themselves divided into different ethnic groups. The caste system sent there for centuries by Indian immigrants, officially abolished in 1963, remains very present in traditional society and remains influential in practice. Discriminatory patriarchal traditions, mostly borrowed from India and China, make girls and women a lower class. The birth of a boy will be greatly appreciated more than a girl!