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The Sherpas and Everest
Sherpa is the superhuman who is known as the real hero of Everest.The history of Mount Everest is also a history of the Sherpas. The eastern people of Nepal.Mount Sherpa. That would be a better-suited name for the highest mountain in the world, which instead was named after Sir George Everest, a Surveyor-General of India in the 19th century.
In 1953, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa made history: they are the first two men to reach the top of the highest mountain in the world. Since then, 4000 people have climbed Everest. No one can ascents the Everest without the help of the sherpas.These people of Tibetan origin who lives in the east of Nepal guides the mountaineers and carries their equipment. Climbing is so rooted in Sherpa culture that it would have led to genetic adaptation that gives them an almost inhuman ability to withstand the physical effects of high altitude.
The Sherpas assume many responsibilities during the climbs: they cook, determine the itinerary, install the ropes and carry all the equipment of the Mountaineers on the way and return. Some of them reach the summit of Everest several times in the same season.
The ascent of Everest has always been as successful even after tragic events such as the avalanches of 2014 or the earthquake of 2015. Nothing stops foreign climbers in search of an extreme and personal challenge. Nepal takes advantage of this situation by winning between $ 3 million and $ 4 million each year. As for the Mountaineers, they each spend between 40,000 and 60,000 US dollar to try to realize their dream.
More than 60 years after the exploits of Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, we no longer climb Everest in the same way. At the time, the Mountaineers traced their own road without modern equipment. Today, the Sherpas open the way to the top, set up four camps along the way and equip the Mountaineers with all the necessary equipment. They leave the Everest base camp, each accompanied by a Sherpa, equipped with oxygen cylinders, to gradually reach the queue at an altitude of more than 8,000 meters in the Hillary Steps, and have their moment of glory at the top.
Sherpas are known as Nomads of Everest
The victory of Tenzing and Hillary began a revolution in the life of the Sherpas. They introduced the word Sherpa to the world. The Sherpas are primarily a mountain tribe from Tibet in the 16th century. These nomadic eastern men seek good pasture for their yak herds and settle at the foot of Everest in the Solo Khumbu region. Some emigrated to Darjeeling in India, where they met at the beginning of the twentieth century the British mountaineers who see in them the men of the situation to try to climb Himalayan peaks.
Today Sherpa’s and porters are often confused. All porters do not belong to the Sherpa ethnic group. And the Sherpa’s of the Himalayas are more than mere carriers. They are exceptional guides, great mountaineers without whom no expedition would be possible. They adapt exceptionally to this low oxygen environment because they are children of the mountain, born and raised at more than 4,000m altitude. Their experience and physical strength are worth gold!
For the climbs of the Everest, the experienced Sherpa’s will have to open the way and install the camps to the top. Hardly acclimatized, they leave with 60 ladders and 3,500m of ropes clearing the most difficult part of the expedition: the impassable Khumbu glacier. Each year they trace a new path between cracks and crevasses. They equip it, look for safe ways, and secure them because the immense glacier moves from 30 cm to 1 m per day. The Sherpa’s who open this dangerous road is called the "doctors of the ice cascade".
On these delicate passages, there will be hundreds of men who will pass without having to destabilize the zone. This dangerous work is unpredictable, the environment is low in oxygen, random weather conditions, not to mention avalanche hazards or falls in crevasses. The Sherpa’s are heroes long before reaching the top.
We are Sherpa
Mountain Sherpa Trekking and Expeditions is a leader in all treks and expeditions in Nepal. As we are 100% local Sherpa own company, we employee have most expert and valued Mountain Sherpa guides who are reliable and professional. We focus on the care and quality of our treks and expeditions. Our commitment to our own community is unparalleled. We are excited to show our homeland Everest with Sherpa hospitality. Join our Everest base camp trek or any climbing expeditions and discover the real Nepal with expert local sherpa.We are always excited to show you our homeland and hope you fall in love with Nepal.