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A history of Sherpa
The vernacular has dedicated use of the word "Sherpa" to refer to those accompanying Himalayan expeditions, including the Holders. It is actually wearing the Sherpa people became known. But the term Sherpa refers more precisely an ethnic Nepalese of Tibetan origin, a people who came from the east ... shar (east) and pa (the people).
Around the 1530s, the mountain located in Kham in eastern Tibet, took the road of central Tibet and settled in the plains of Tinkye. The political and social struggles, religious disputes and Mongol invasions shaking while Tibet decided to head to the south and to cross the Himalayas by pass roads in Eastern Nepal, including Lamjura and the Nangpa La, became from a caravan route. They came in high valley the Dudh Kosi.Some families settled at the foot of Mount Everest in the Khumbu while others settled further south and colonized the Pharak and Solu. Arriving in successive waves, other Tibetan groups swelled the ranks of the first Sherpa tribal communities and pushed the limits of their habitat by migrating to Langtang, Helambu and the Rolwaling.
The vagaries of the relief, the harsh climatic conditions, scarcity of arable land came probably limit the expansion of the population sherpa on its original territory. In the nineteenth century, many Sherpa families emigrated to the Kathmandu Valley and Pokhara region and Sikkim and the Darjeeling district in West Bengal (India).